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Regulating Emerging Technologies and General Law In And Around The Onboarding of Emerging Technologies

a. Data Protection and Privacy laws

Although the Data Protection Act, 2019 is still in operation, the objectives of the Act are yet to be realized. Towards the end of 2023, collection and processing of data in social establishments was news that sparked a lot of concerns. Moreover, concerns around safety in residential spaces due to reported incidents of homicide are sparking up talks for surveillance systems. Evidently, we expect tighter measures with regards to privacy protections because data-driven technologies are on the increase. Users’ permission, data openness, and responsibility for data breaches will likely be subject to stricter data protection regulations in the future.

b. Artificial Intelligence (AI):

Lawmakers are being prompted to address questions of responsibility, prejudice, and moral application by the increasing use of AI and robotics. Legislation is likely to be drafted to establish criteria for open and accountable decision-making, rules for impartial and fair algorithms, and accountability for activities powered by artificial intelligence particularly with respect to data protection and misinformation. The effects of automation on employment and workers’ rights may necessitate changes to employment legislation.

c. Frameworks for Cybersecurity:

Laws aimed at bolstering cybersecurity are anticipated to develop in response to our growing dependence on interconnected technologies and the Internet of Things. Government has the power to impose strict regulations about cybersecurity. These regulations could include mandatory incident reporting, strong cybersecurity procedures, and penalties for organizations that do not properly protect key infrastructure and sensitive data.

d. Rules Regarding Blockchain Technology and Cryptocurrencies:

Emerging legal frameworks will address concerns connected to cryptocurrency transactions such as: taxation, impact on economy, risk assessment, consumer protection, initial coin offers (ICOs), and smart contracts as blockchain technology receives widespread acceptance. Fostering innovation in decentralized technology while authorities prioritize transparency, fraud prevention, and financial system integrity is a possibility.

e. Rules Regarding Open-Source Software and Intellectual Property:

Conventional ideas of intellectual property are frequently called into question by new technological developments. In the ever-evolving world of technology, laws may be crafted to tackle problems like the patenting of AI-generated innovations, the protection of open-source software, and the assurance of equitable utilization of intellectual property.

f. Rules Enacted to Protect the Environment from New Technology:

Legislation centered on sustainability may emerge in response to the environmental effects of new technology, like the rising energy consumption of data centers and the electronic waste produced by old equipment. Anticipate rules that promote recycling, proper disposal of electronic components, and environmentally beneficial behaviors.


Policymakers confront the difficult balancing act of promoting innovation while simultaneously attending to ethical concerns and the general welfare of society as they traverse the ever-changing terrain of technology. An innovative and flexible legal framework that promotes technological advancement while protecting basic rights and ethical standards is essential, especially considering the upcoming legislative changes. The law needs to change to keep up with society’s love of new tech so that we can all live our lives in harmony and be good stewards of what we create.

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